||(4-7 minute lectures; freshman level orientation)Psychology, Linguistics, Public Health, Business, Art History, Technology, Media Studies, Biology, Astronomy, History, Philosophy, Economics
||Predominantly Levels 1-8
||Can distinguish between main ideas and specific information in lectures;Can understand straightforward factual information about common topics,identifying both general messages and specific details,
||Can identify unfamiliar words from the context in lectures; Can take notes during a lecture which are precise enough for his/her own use at a later date, providedthe topic is within his/her field of interest and the talk is clear and well-structured
||Can paraphrase short parts of the lecture; can use summary statements to summarize notes; can offer a fact or example during discussion
||Can revise notes on second listening to correct misunderstandings
||(5-8 minute lectures; freshman-sophomore level orientation)Sociology, Linguistics, Psychology, Culinary Arts, Education, History, Business, Architecture, Public Health, Media Studies, Biology, Public Administration)
||Predominantly Levels 1-10
||Can develop a detailed understanding of lecture content; Can understand the main ideas of propositionally and linguistically complex speech on both concreteand abstract topics delivered in a standard dialect, including technical discussions in his/her field ofspecialization.Can follow extended speech and complex lines of argument provided the topic is reasonably familiar,and the direction of the talk is sign-posted by explicit markers; can notice rhetorical questions and diversion in lectures
||Can use a variety of strategies to achieve comprehension, including listening for main points; checkingcomprehension by using contextual clues; Can understand a clearly structured lecture on a familiar subject, and can take notes on points whichstrike him/her as important, even though he/she tends to concentrate on the words themselves andtherefore to miss some information.Can take notes during a lecture which are useful to other students;
||Can summarize extracts from lectures containing opinions, argumentand discussion;can use more polite and indirect forms for agreeing and disagreeing, for eliciting opinions and trying to reach consensus
||Can expand notes in discussion with others to develop a more comprehensive understanding of lecture content.
||(7-10 minute lectures; upper class orientation )Communication Studies, Child Psychology, Sociology, Business, Cognitive Psychology, Anthropology/Biology, Astronomy, Political Science, Linguistics, Economics
||Can understand implications of ideas in lecture; Can follow the essentials of lectures, talks and reports and other forms of academic/professionalpresentation which are propositionally and linguistically complex; Can understand standard spoken language, live or broadcast, on both familiar and unfamiliar topicsnormally encountered in personal, social, academic or vocational life. Only extreme background noise,inadequate discourse structure and/or idiomatic usage influences the ability to understand.
||Can take detailed notes during a lecture on topics in his/her field of interest, recording the informationso accurately and so close to the original that the notes could also be useful to other people; Is aware of major implications and allusions of what is said and can make notes on them as well as on theactual words used by the speaker; can notice analogies, hedges amplifications, digressions
||Can summarize a wide range of factual and imaginative texts, commenting on and discussingcontrasting points of view and the main themes; can ask questions to explore assumptions, and develop critical thinking and discussion of topics in the lecture
||Can ask incisive questions during lecture pauses to deepen understanding of content.