In my experience with learners, there are 6 “intervention points” in which listening skills can be practiced: pre-listening, while-listening (first listening), second listening, immediate post-listening, follow up post-listening,  and later appropration.  Most teachers and most students tend to focus on the “first listening” phase as the primary – or even only – phase to practice listening, but...
Listening is a complex ability, involving the coordination of multiple cognitive processes. As such, listening is not a single, isolated skill, but rather a complex of psychological processes that can be isolated and developed. This means that there are a number of practices that will help someone listen better. The key is to find the...
Appendix 4: Supplementary online activities for online classes One of the major challenges of online classes is keeping students engaged.  In face to face classes, the teacher can often make subtle adjustments to keep students interested and involved in class. In online classes, making quick adjustments can be more challenging because you may be missing...
Appendix 3: Speaking Tasks for Zoom Classes (referenced to Contemporary Topics, 4th edition, Pearson) A key to creating and maintaining engaging online classes is to structure in “social learning” as often as possible.  Set a speaking-listening-interaction task, establish the rules and procedures (such as “Use English only”, “Try to give long turns – 2 or...
Appendix 2: Coaching Tips to promote active learning in online classes As teachers, we know that a major part of our job is coaching students: providing motivation, encouragement, and guidance.  While it is essential of course that we provide expert knowledge of the language, solid instruction, accurate feedback, and reliable assessment, too much “instruction” and...